In order for a seller to command top dollar for the sale of a rural piece of land, a buyer must generally be very certain of what they are purchasing. The degree of certainty, or the comfort level, the buyer has with a given property often directly affects the price they are willing to pay.
“Markets hate uncertainty” is a saying we’ve all heard dozens of times in the past few years. The real estate market is also not averse to the animosity towards uncertainty. In financial terms, uncertainty equals risk.
There are many different types of risk associated with any given property, but I deal with a few that frequently affect a buyer’s interest level:
1. Access– Does the property have road access or at least a deeded access? In Alabama, 95% of the time land lenders will not loan money on a tract that is land-locked. Without legal access, even the lender is not willing to take a risk on a property.
2. Soil types– Buyers I deal with are usually looking for a timberland investment or an agricultural property. They want to know about the suitability of the soils for their intended purpose. Good timberland needs a high site index for the tree species they want to grow, and farmland also needs to be suitable for the purpose of the farmer.
3. Mineral Rights- Does the current owner of the land also own the mineral rights? This matters to many prospective buyers because they want to know if someone will come put an oil derrick in their front yard.
And the list could go on indefinitely.
The purpose of this article is to show that generally the more information you can provide to a potential purchaser up front, the more likely you are to make a sale. In my experience the more risk a property poses to a prospective buyer, the less money they are willing to offer for it. Please see the chart above that I’ve used to illustrate this point: the lower the risk, the higher the sales price, and inversely, the greater the risk, the lower the sales price.
With the exception of institutional and commercial land investors, land investment is usually a matter of personal finance. People buy land. People need good information to buy a piece of property. Generally your average buyer of a small to medium sized property has a fairly low tolerance for risk with their land purchases. They want to be pretty certain about what they are purchasing. The proof of that is that most buyers (I deal with) make sure they have a clear title to a property and get an owner’s title insurance policy for extra peace of mind.
I find it helpful to address negatives about a property early in the process of the buyer making their decision. Hiding it from the prospect only creates ill-will and distrust, and derails many deals before they get a good chance to start.
Sellers and agents will benefit from the maxim: certainty makes the sale. The more good information we can provide to prospective buyers, the greater the likelihood that we can sell them a property.